Supplements

When choosing a supplement or fortified feed I generally consider the following (for an "average" 1000 lb horse at maintenance):

The amount fed in one day provides a minimum of

  • Copper - at least 125 mg
  • Zinc - approximately 3 times the copper
  • Iron - preferably the supplement or feed has no added iron (check ingredient list) and the total iron is no higher than 4 times the copper 
  • Vitamin E - this should be supplemented to 2,000 IU total if not on pasture - most supplements and feeds contain much lower values.

Some supplements or fortified feeds can be safely fed at higher levels than the "usual" serving size but first check that this won't provide excessive vitamin A, vitamin D, selenium or iodine.

I rarely use anything "formulated for grass" as many grass hays already have adequate calcium and using a product "formulated for grass" will further unbalance the calcium to phosphorus ratio.
If calcium and phosphorus are added, look for a ratio between 1:1 and 2:1. 

Compare Selected Supplements These pages are intended to help you make informed decisions about which supplements might be the most useful and cost effective for you.  There are hundreds of supplements on the market - so not every one is represented here.  "Highly Fortified Feeds" are also included here - in the small amounts they fed (2 lbs or less) these are more like a "supplement" than a "feed".

Regional Supplements Regional Supplements include the three Arizona mixes I developed and which are manufactured and sold by HorseTech, as well as Sally Huggs' California Trace.

Omega-3 Includes a calculator plus a pdf "snapshot" so you can see how different feedstuffs affect Omega-3 ratios. This originally began life to calculate how to increase phosphorus levels - thus the "Net Phos..." title.
Some new products have been added to the Omega-3 Sources chart.  [I haven't include any fish-based products.]


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